LAHORE: The nation is celebrating the 138th birth anniversary of great poet and philosopher Allama Muhammad Iqbal today (Monday).
Public holiday is being observed in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province while public and private institutions remain open on the account of Iqbal Day.
Special Ceremony at Iqbal’s Mausoleum:
The change of guard ceremony was held at the mausoleum of Allama Iqbal in Lahore this morning.
A smartly-turned Pakistan Navy’s contingent took over the charge from the Punjab Rangers. Station Commander Navy Lahore Commodore S.M. Shahzad was chief guest on the occasion.
Review of Allama Iqbal’s Life:
Mohammad Iqbal was born on 9 November 1877 in Punjab. He is also known as Allama Iqbal.
Allama Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and politician. Iqbal wrote countless poetry in Urdu and Persian, and several collections in each language exist.
Allama Iqbal received his early education Sialkot by Mir Hasan. Mir Hasan was an accomplished scholar who commanded a knowledge of several Islamic languages. He gave Iqbal a thorough training in the rich Islamic literacy tradition. For higher education iqbal went to Lahore in 1895, where he enrolled in Government College getting in 1899 an MA in philosophy. He had already obtained a degree in law in 1898. Iqbal soon made a name for himself as a poet in Lahore.
Iqbal left for his study at Cambridge. In his three years of stay in abroad, Iqbal achieved a BA from Cambridge in 1906. In 1906 he was qualified as a barrister at London’s Middle Temple. He earned a PhD from munich university in 1908.In 1908 Iqbal taught philosophy in Government College, after returning to Lahore. He wrote a poetry, Asrar-i Khudi in Persian, which was published in 1915 and other books of poetry include Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Payam-i-Mashriq and Zabur-i-Ajam. His best known Urdu works are Bang-i-Dara(The Carawan Bell), Bal-i-jibril,Zarb-i kalim and a part of Armughan-e-Hijaz.In 1908 , in England, he had been chosen as a member of the executive council of the newly established British branch of the Indian Muslim Leaque.
In 1927 he was elected to the Punjab Legislative assembly. In 1930, he was elected to preside over at the annual session of Muslim League. In his presidential address at Allahabad, Iqbal for the first time introduced the idea of Pakistan and suggested the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. In 1930-31, he attended the Round Table conference, which met in London to frame a constitution for India.
Before the creation of Pakistan Iqbal died in April 21,1938 in Punjab,Pakistan.
In India he is also remembered as the author of the popular song saare jahan se achcha. The Pakistan Government officially named him a “National Poet”.