China factory gate inflation slows to 13-month low

China’s factory inflation slowed to a 13-month low in December, official data showed Wednesday, a sign of continued fragility in the world’s second-largest economy. The producer price index (PPI) — an important barometer of the industrial sector which measures the cost of goods at the factory gate — rose 4.9 percent year-on-year in December, its lowest rate since November 2016, according to China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). This marked a sharp slowdown from the 5.8 percent year-on-year rise in November and 6.9 percent rise in October, but was slightly higher than the 4.8 percent increase forecast by a Bloomberg News survey of economists. NBS analyst Sheng Guoqing said the drop was due to declines in five major industries: oil and natural gas mining, ferrous metal smelting, oil processing, non-ferrous metal smelting, and coal mining. A further decline in the PPI — highly correlated with earnings growth among indebted industrial firms — would “push the People’s (central) Bank to ease monetary policy over the course of this year,” said Julian Evans-Pritchard, analyst at Capital Economics, in a note. But David Qu of ANZ Research said he expected producer prices to hold up, since “China’s capacity reduction programme for steel and coal will likely be completed in 2018 and extended to other sectors.” Meanwhile, the consumer price index (CPI) — a main gauge of retail inflation — rose 1.8 percent year-on-year, up from 1.7 percent in November and just below the Bloomberg forecast of 1.9 percent. Month-on-month, the CPI rose 0.3 percent, which the NBS’s Sheng attributed to the rising prices of fresh foods like fruit and eggs and energy such as gas and diesel during a period of cold weather. “We expect food prices to continue to push up consumer price inflation during the coming months,” said Evans-Pritchard. Moderate inflation can be a boon to consumption as it pushes buyers to act before prices go up, while falling prices encourage shoppers to delay purchases and companies to put off investment, both of which can hurt growth. Raymond Yeung, chief greater China economist at Australia & New Zealand Banking Group, told Bloomberg News that he expected the PPI to rise by 4.8 percent in 2018, and for the CPI to pick up in January. “Given the cold weather in the recent weeks, energy prices are supportive… China’s inflation outlook will pick up gradually,” he said. Full-year data from the NBS showed a 6.3 percent rise in the PPI, ending a five-year decline, and a 1.6 percent rise in the CPI for 2017.

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